All the pallet terminology you’ll ever need to know.


pallet-width

Width

Direction of the deck boards.

deck-boards

Deck Boards

Multiple boards placed perpendicular to stringer forming both the top and bottom of the pallet and sometimes the top only.

pallet-span

Span

Distance between deck board supports, either stringers or block.

pallet-overall-height

Overall Height

The vertical span between the floor and top side of the top deck.

pallet-length

Length

Measurement of the stringer direction.

pallet-lead-boards

Leads

Boards at either end of the deck. Usually when leads are referred to they are wider than the inner boards for increasing structurally integrity. They will usually be 5.5 “wide and known as 6” lead boards.

pallet-inner-boards

Inners

Boards in between lead boards. Spacing requirements will usually dictate the number of inner boards used. On average, the width of an inner board is usually 3.5”.

pallet-spacing

Spacing

The spacing between the deck boards. Space is most  critical part of the top decking  It’s usually dictated by the need to     increase total weight across the entire surface or to accommodate the size or shape of the load so that product cannot  tip or fall into the spacing.  Lighter weight product with large foot prints can sometimes use fewer boards, thus saving money.

Additional Terms


pallet-heat-treated

Heat Treating

The sterilization of a pallet using heat via the kiln process. The pallet is heated to 56degree C/132degree F for a minimum of 30 minutes. This process meets FAO and IPPC standards.

pallet-flush

Flush

A pallet with deck boards flush to the stringer or block. No overhang.

pallet-plug

Plug

The repair board attached to a defective stringer to make it usable again. A plug is can run the full length of a stringer or only over a section of the stringer being repaired. The number of stringers repaired is used as part of the grading process in GMA pallets.

pallet-single-wing

Wing

The top only (single wing) or both top and bottom boards (double wing) overhang the outer stringers. Usually used for heavier weights such as cement block.

Pallet Types


stringer-pallet

Stringer
(sometimes called a runner)

Either a solid or notched beam (usually a 2” x 4”) used to support the top and bottom deck boards. Depending upon need a pallet can have from 2 up to 5 stringers per pallet.

block-pallet

Block

A pallet with a rectangular, square or cylindrical spacers between top and bottom decks. Used instead of stringers.

skid-pallet

Skid

A pallet with no bottom decking. It is usually always a two way pallet.

eur-pallet

EUR Pallet

A commonly used,4way block heat treated pallet used for import/export. The design is strictly regulated by the  European Pallet Association and is ISO accredited. If used to ship back overseas only pallets with these markings are acceptable EURO, EPAL, EUR.